Bauhaus, Experimental house, Weimar, Germany, 1923
Bauhaus was a german school of arts, founded in 1919. “Bauhaus” also evokes the artistic movement lead by the school, in architecture and design. This school imposed the basis of modern architecture, but it was closed when the nazis came to power in germany.
At Bauhaus in Weimar there was no regular section of architecture. Gropius believed that it was not yet possible to establish an architecture section that could function effectively. In 1922 the students at the Bauhaus asked for the school’s architectural ideas to be expressed in a concrete example. Then the “Bauhaus experimental house” was produced, as a project by Muche and Meyer, who wanted to represent the ideal concept of a single-family house with particular attention to the possibility of using new materials and prefabricated parts supplied by industry.
The layout of circulation was reduced to a minimum as all the rooms was developed around a square living room with double height that received light from windows located in the upper part of the walls. The living room was supposed to accommodate the whole family. Each of the rooms around the periphery was furnished, with exposed metal radiators, steel windows and door frames and essential furniture completely designed and produced in the Bauhaus laboratory.
References : Grand Palais, Encyclopedia Universalis