Luciano Baldessari, Casa a Berlino, Berlin, 1955-58

Luciano Baldessari, Casa a Berlino, Berlin, 1955-58

Luciano Baldessari, Casa a Berlino, Berlin, 1955-58, (view in google map)

Luciano Baldessari (Rovereto, December 10, 1896 – Milan, September 6, 1982) was an Italian architect and stage designer. He was born in Rovereto , a town at the time of the Austro-Hungarian county of Tyrol . In 1906, at the Institute of orphanage Rovereto , received his first drawing lessons from Fortunato Depero . In Rovereto, from 1909 he attended the Royal School Elizabethan , set up by the Austrian Government and set to the educational programs of the Deutscher Werkbund . Since 1913 is part of the Circle futurist , founded in Rovereto by Depero . From 1919 to 1922 he attended the Polytechnic of Milan where he obtained a degree in architecture. From 1923 to 1926 he was in Berlin , where he worked as a set designer with directors Max Reinhardt , Erwin Piscator and Adolf Licho . On that occasion he came into contact with Walter Gropius and Mies van der Rohe. He returned to Italy in 1928 in Milan, where he opened his first studio . Between 1928 and 1930 creates the sets for companies Giuseppe Visconti , Tatiana Pavlova and Enzo Ferrieri . In 1928 he designed the National Exhibition in Como Villa Olmo in silk. In 1956-57 he was invited to design a skyscraper all’Hansaviertel Berlin . In 1978 he was awarded the “A. Feltrinelli ” Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei . Luciano Baldessari is turned off in Milan in 1982 .

Since its inception West Germany was determined to frame your own housing development in the Western cultural context . The exhibition , whose theme was ” Stadt der Morgen ” ( The City of Tomorrow ) , sought to bring to life the inhabitants in the city center without giving up ” light , air and sunshine .” The exhibition was to play a fundamental role in terms of propaganda , as it was supposed to represent a summary of the debate concerning the function of modern urban residential , deliberately opposed to the huge prefabricated building blocks that East Berlin was doing in those years on Stalinallee . The Hansa district had to be the example of modern living , with buildings of various styles , green, school, library, church , commercial area and the nearest U- Bahn , to show that the welfare of the Western system led among citizens. For the implementation , carried out in 1955-1957 , they were invited to West Berlin architects of international renown , especially Aalto, Gropius and TAC , Niemeyer , Le Corbusier , Luckhardt , Baumgarten , Eiermann , Baldassari , Van Broek + Bakema , M. Taut , Jacobsen and Luciano Baldessari too .

In the tower at cheap apartments built by Luciano Baldessari in Berlin ( 1958) , on the occasion of the reconstruction of the war-torn Hansa Quarter , the apartments are gathered in the East and West in two angled blades white , apart from the staircase and elevators and tested North and South in cas to view with balconies and voids that allow for maximum ventilation and light to the interior.  Several brightly colored floors and walls enliven the central studios of 36 square meters and housing angle of 56 square meters with two bedrooms and a living-dining -through .

Reviewed by

Anna Bęza and Dominika Puchalska November 2016


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