Jacobus J.P. Oud, Weissenhof Row Houses, Stuttgart, Germany, 1927
Jacobus J.P. Oud, Weissenhof Row Houses, Stuttgart, Germany, 1927.
About the Architect :
Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud, souvent appelé J.J.P. Oud, né le et mort le , était un architecte néerlandais. Il devint célèbre avec l’émergence du mouvement De Stijl.
About the House :
Row houses in Weissenhof At first Oud got two assignments in Weissenhof, one single family villa and 4 row houses for workers. Oud wanted to make a”(…) small dwelling as synthesis of new materials, construction methods and form, guided by the principles of simplicity, efficiency and functionality”. These row houses were built with one typology of that could be repeated. As a part of the assignment the five houses have the same layout and size. The with per unit is 5,6 meters. The site for each house, included the garden and courtyard, is approx. 22,5 x 5,6 meters. The garden is approx. 11 x 5,6 meters and the courtyard is approx. 3 x 3 meters. The houses have three stories, the two you can see and the cellar that is underneath the ground. The height of the building, above the ground, is approx 6 meters. The extension in north, with the utility rooms is only 4,5 meters high and 2,35 meters wide. He used the Kossel system, which was a fairly new method in the 1920’s. The Kossel system allowed the building to be built as a monolitic system. First they built the formwork and then they lured concrete into the form. This allowed them to build the walls as one piece. For the non-bearing walls the process consists of aggregates that are bound with a small portion of cement. This system results in light porous walls, with good heat-insulation and it was possible to put nails into it. The load bearing walls and the foundations are made with gravel based concrete. The windows and the door frames are made of iron, the roof is made of Ruberiod and the doors are in plywood.
Reviewed by Esteve P.