Le Corbusier, Maison Murondins, France, 1940
This temporary dwelling was imagined by Le Corbuiser as Europe was deep in the Second World War, and as refugees were fleeding their homeland to find shelter in France.
Those shelters couldn’t be built fast enough to provide a solution to this crisis, therefore Le Corbusier had the following practical idea: those shelters should be built by the people who are going to live in them with readily available materials. For example, they could use wood, logs, sand or dirt, etc…
This explains the name “Murondins” which is a portmanteau word made with the words “wall” and “logs”.
There are different types of units in the project. Some units are collective life place, such as parks, or learning spaces where drawing or mechanics are taught. Thee most important unit is the house for 6 dwellers.
The house is separated in its width by the roof. The first half is two-stories high, and the second one has only a ground floor. Therefore, the roof is shifted upwards and cut in two to cover both part and to let light in through a large window that goes along the entire length of the building.
The ground floor has two bedrooms and a large living room. Most of the collective spaces are in other units, therefore the entire first floor is covered by 3 bedrooms.
Unfortunately, this project has never been approved by the government, and was not pursued.
Bibliography: Oeuvres Complètes, Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, 1934-1938
Plans: Nicola Casali, Paola Provenzi, Aycan Kizilkaya
Authors: Martyna Czub, Aycan Kizilkaya, Mordjann Souilamas